All posts by Manoj R. Thakur

About Manoj R. Thakur

In 2014 I started contributing to Open Source electronics, and life has just gotten better from there. Founder of Maven Technologies.

Arduino NodeMCU (ESP8266) Spiffs File System Uploading and Reading

In this tutorial we upload a text file and read it in serial monitor.

Steps to Upload a file in NodeMCU SPIFFS file system

ESP8266FS is a tool which integrates into the Arduino IDE. It adds a menu item to Tools menu for uploading the contents of sketch data directory into ESP8266 flash file system.

  • Restart Arduino IDE
  • Open a sketch (or create a new one and save it)
  • Go to sketch directory (choose Sketch > Show Sketch Folder)
  • data older next to your .ino file
  • Create a directory named data and put your files you want in the file system there

  • Make sure you have selected a board, port, and closed Serial Monitor
  • Select Tools > ESP8266 Sketch Data Upload. This should start uploading the files into ESP8266 flash file system. When done, IDE status bar will display SPIFFS Image Uploaded message. Note during upload it takes longer time.

 

Reading Uploaded File

In above process we uploaded notes.txt file in ESP flash. In this program we read it and display its contents in serial monitor. Uploading of sketch will not affect sketch data. i.e. uploaded notes.txt file.

 

Results


In serial monitor you will get File contents, you can upload images, html and javascript files. examples can be found here

  1. Image upload and display
  2. JavaScript Gauges

“error: cannot access /dev/ttyUSB0” Arduino (NodeMCU) esp8266

Question: Getting permission “error: cannot access /dev/ttyUSB0”
Answer: Just open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and type this command and enter root password
$ sudo usermod -a -G dialout ${USER}

On Linux (Ubuntu), Arduino IDE will not be able to upload sketches (or communicate with the board at all) if you don’t change permissions on /dev/ttyUSB0 appropriately. Same as with the NodeMCU ESPlorer IDE, etc. Actually, this very problem comes up whenever you want to access a (virtual) Serial COM port on Linux.

It might happen that when you upload a sketch – after you have selected your board and serial port -, you get an error Error opening serial port … If you get this error, you need to set serial port permission.

Open Terminal and type:

$ ls -l /dev/ttyUSB*

you will get something like:

crw-rw---- 1 root dialout 188, 0 5 apr 23.01 ttyUSB0

The “0” at the end of USB might be a different number, or multiple entries might be returned. The data we need is “dialout” (is the group owner of the file).

Now we just need to add our user to the group:

$ sudo usermod -a -G dialout ${USER}

NOTE: where USER is NOT  your linux user name keep as it is.

In some cases, You will need to log out and log in again for this change to take effect.

Add NodeMCU ESP8266 to Arduino IDE

In this tutorial, we’ll learn how to program your NodeMCU or ESP8266 using an Arduino IDE. NodeMCU board is not available by default.

The NodeMCU ESP8266 is a low-cost WiFi module built by Espressif Systems. Its popularity has been growing among the hardware community thanks to its nice features and stability, to the point that it can be easily programmed using your Arduino IDE.

Requirements

  1. Arduino IDE version 1.7 or higher
  2. Active Internet connection
  3. NodeMCU or ESP8266 board (for testing only)

Step 1: Adding ESP8266 URL to Arduino IDE Board Manger

  1. Make sure you are using Arduino IDE version 1.7 or higher.
  2. Add additional URL for board manager. Go to File >> Preferences and paste below url in Additional Board Manager URLs.                                                               http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json

JSON URL for ESP8266 in Arduino IDE

Note: Sometimes pakage_esp8266com_index.json link is down due to heavy download try again after few hours.

Step 2: Open Board Manager

  1. Go to Tools >> Boards >> Board Manager

Board Mnanger Link

Step 3: Search and Installing Node MCU (ESP8266) in Arduino IDE

  1. Type “ESP8266” in search box.
  2. Select ESP8266 Community. (If internet is not available then you will not find ESP8266)
  3. Click on Install Button. Download progress starts. wait for finish.
Install NodeMCU
Installing ESP8266

Step 4: Verify installation of ESP8266

  1. Go to Tools>>Boards>> select NodeMCU (If you don’t find NodeMCU, check your installation is ok)
  2. Select proper Com port
  3. Upload blink example and check is it working. on board LED uses GPIO2
NodeMCU board in Arduino IDE
NodeMCU board is visible

Additional Resources

  1. Installing ESP32 in Arduino IDE
  2. Getting Started with ESP8266
  3. ESP8266 IOs
  4. NodeMCU Pin Numbers and Confusions (Must read)

 

 

 

ESP8266 jQuery and AJAX Web Server

This example shows how to use jQuery in ESP8266, NodeMCU ? There are two ways to use jQuery in ESP8266 Web Sever, first is to use cdn server and second is directly putting jQuery on ESP Flash File System. We will look into both examples. We make use of jQuery Knob to demonstrate real time fading of LED control using jQuery and AJAX requests.

Continue reading ESP8266 jQuery and AJAX Web Server